Carlota Joaquina, Queen
- (1775-1830)Daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain, born in Aranjuez, Spain, and married at the tender age of 10 to João, son and heir of Queen Maria I. When Dom José, the eldest son of Queen Maria I died in 1788, Carlota Joaquina, who had become an unpopular Spaniard living in alien Portugal, was named princess-heiress. Always in conflict with her well-meaning but indecisive husband, João, Carlota became the leader of an extreme reactionary court party and was frequently in conflict with her more malleable husband. When the royal family fled to Brazil in 1808 to escape the French army of invasion, she accompanied them and remained in Brazil until she returned to Portugal with her husband in 1821.From that time on, Carlota Joaquina was never far from the center of political conflicts and controversy, as the Portuguese political system was caught in the grip of a violent struggle between the forces of constitutionalism and absolutism. After returning from Brazil, she refused to swear allegiance to the new constitution presented to her husband, King João VI, and was placed under house arrest. She was a power behind the throne of her son, Miguel, as he proclaimed himself an absolutist king, threw out the constitution, and prepared to rule the country in 1828. Before the civil war called "The War of the Brothers" (Miguel vs. Pedro, both her sons) was concluded with Pedro's military victory in 1834, Carlota Joaquina died and thus did not have to witness Miguel's defeat and permanent exile.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Carlota Joaquina - Princesa do Brasil — Infobox Film name = Carlota Joaquina Princess of Brazil (Carlota Joaquina Princesa do Brasil) caption = original film poster director =Carla Camurati producer = Bianca de Felippes Carla Camurati writer =Carla Camurati Melanie Dimantas starring… … Wikipedia
Maria II, queen — (1811 1853) Born Maria da Glória, daughter of Pedro IV of Portugal (Pedro I of Brazil) and his first wife, Archduchess Leopoldina of Austria, in Rio de Janeiro, the future queen was named regent at age seven, on the death of King João VI… … Historical dictionary of Portugal
Charlotte of Spain — A portrait today held at Ajuda Queen consort of Portugal Spouse … Wikipedia
Miguel of Portugal — Miguel I King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 26 February 1828 6 May 1834 Predecessor Maria II Successor … Wikipedia
Maria Luisa of Spain, Duchess of Lucca — Maria Luisa of Spain Maria Luisa and her son Charles Louis, by Goya, 1800 Queen of Etruria Consort 21 March 1801 – 27 May 1803 … Wikipedia
Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833–1902) — Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain Infanta of Portugal and Spain Spouse Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain Issue Francisco, du … Wikipedia
Mariana Victoria of Spain — Mariana Victoria as Queen of Portugal Queen consort of Portugal Tenure … Wikipedia
Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier — Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier Infanta Luisa Fernanda Spouse Prince Antoine d Orléans, Duke of Montpnesier Issue Infanta María … Wikipedia
Infante Carlos, Count of Molina — Not to be confused with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, who is sometimes erroneously called Charles V of Spain Infante Carlos Count of Molina Carlist … Wikipedia
Infante Carlos, Count of Montemolin — Infante Carlos Count of Montemolin Carlist pretender as Carlos VI Pretendence 1845–1861 Predecessor … Wikipedia